Go here for: Wildlife, Nature, Adventure
Kaziaranga National Park is home to nearly two-thirds of the world’s population of Great One-Horned Rhinoceros. The National Park is also home to many other large fauna like elephants, wild buffaloes and swamp deer. The park also hosts more than 80 tigers, and is declared as part of Project Tiger in 2006. At one tiger for every 5 square kilometers, Kaziranga has the highest population density of tigers anywhere in the world.
Kaziranga is spread across Karbi-Anglong hill ranges in Assam on the banks of River Brahmaputra. The park has some wide expanses of grasslands rich in elephant grass, which supports a large herbivore population. Brahmaputra River routinely floods in the monsoons and fertilizes the soil in the national park, allowing rich growth of grass and sustaining the park’s population. However, the floods also displace the animals from the park and put them in danger of being exposed to poachers.
The park was declared as a sanctuary by British officials more than a hundred years ago. When the population of Rhinos was fast reducing due to poaching, it was persuaded to be declared as a protected area by the wife of Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India. The Rhinos have thrived in the park since then, and have benefitted from the park’s proactive management in protecting the animals from poachers. Kaziranga is now declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Monsoons hit the Kaziranga National Park from early June and persist till September, when the park can get flooded. The park is closed for visitors during the monsoon months and reopens in mid-October. The best season to visit the park is between November and April.
+ more about Kaziranga